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Merino species, widely distributed around the world now, regarding quality this is the most excellent and most superior species in the world, synonymous with the presence of the wool.
In Australia , about 70% of producing wool is Merino.
Fineness of Merino hair is 16-26 microns, roughly be able to take 4.5 kg of hair per head. The length is about 50 to 110 mm, average 75 mm.
Australian Merino is classified into three lineages by thinness of hair. "Fine-wool Merino" hair of fineness is average about 19.5 micron, average about 21 micron called "Medium Wool Merino", and the most thick one is called "Strong Wool Merino".
These three lineages originally imported from Spain, the United Kingdom, France, and the United States in the early 1800s,
Alpaca, an animal that belongs to the Lama of camelid, that scientific name Liama glama pacos..
Alpaca Inhabit Andes mountains from the middle of South America ,Peru to the south Bolivia.
Living only place more than 12,000 feet above sea level (3,650m).
Hair of alpaca actually has the unique characteristics the surface of the fiber is very smooth, also not many crimp
Fineness 22-24 microns “baby alpaca”, 25-27 micron “fine”, when it comes to the 28 to 32 microns thick called ”adult”. Fiber length is 70 to 150 mm.
Annual amount is 2-3 kg per head
Color is various, dark brown (21%), gray (20%), pale brown (14%), pale yellow (13%), white (12%), black (10%), mixed (10%) .
Product is made by taking advantage of these natural color, black is used be the most famous color, but recently white is traded at a high price.
Camel is a hair of Bactrian camel species that live in Central Asia of the desert over the Middle East.
Annual amount is about 1 million kg in China, 1.5 million kg in Mongolia,one half million kg in other place. Total 3 million kg . This is only 0.1% compared to wool annual amount, also about 1/5 amount of cashmere annual amount.
Hair of the Camel after trim become raw materials for spinning (16-21 microns)
Classified by fineness, length, color, and named "MC-1, MC-2 ···". In particular fineness is thinner than 17μ, stings contamination rate is not more than 1%, are trading as SMC-1 with high price.
Among the main localities of Camel such as China . Inner Mongolia region of western desert Alashan , Altai (Xinjiang) are famous as an excellent localities able to take the most finest hair.
Camel from these region, the fineness of 16-18 microns extremely thin, yet elegant pale color and softness, smooth feeling, similar to cashmere feeling.
Annual amount is very small and limited.
European luxury clothing manufacturers using this material with this famous production place name.
The fluff (Ubuke) that can be taken from the cashmere goat (Cashmere Goat). Cashmere name of roots it is that in honor of northern India place name Kashmir.
Cashmere goat inhabit in northwest China (Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Gansu, Shanxi Province), southwest (Qinghai-Tibet), widely distributed in such as Mongolia and Central Asia (Iran, Turkey, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan).
Cashmere goats due to the harsh natural environment, covered with long guard hair on the outside (called stinging hair), also to store the soft downy hair(14 ~ 18μ) under the stinging hair for protection against the cold .
Collect this every spring (April-May) with use comb before hair loss naturally. Although the mount per head is 200 ~ 300g, hair included contaminant. So need to go through the trim and arrange step for removing the stinging hair and contaminant.
After Trim step, be taken only 100 ~ 150g per head.
Feature of each localities are in China northwest part color is mostly white and thickness 14 ~ 16μ, Southwest part is brown, light gray covered with 15 ~ 16μ.
In Mongolia 16 ~ 17μ light-Fawn and Brown, Central Asia is 17 ~ 18.5μ, Brown, Fawn, light gray, and off-white.
The hair quality and texture is not only thin, extremely smooth compared to wool, also has a elegant luster, from the goodness of its touch called “the fiber of jewelry "and valued as luxury clothing from ancient times.
Vicuna is camelid, kind of Llama genus.
Inhabit in the Andes 3000m ~ 5000m through Argentina from South America Peru.
Height 80cm body weight 35-45 kg, hair is extremely thin fluff length 20 ~ 50mm, thickness of 10-14 microns .
Excellence of quality thinness and softness and very rare animal. These reasons lead to high price.
Domestication is extremely difficult due to the character of timid.
20 century mid, listed endangered species. So Peru and Bolivia of major habitat countries, prohibited slaughter in August 1968, took a protection policy.
Annual amount is 4 to 5tons.
Currently the Peruvian government listed alpaca as a rare anima andl protection agency (CONACS) manages the trade strictly, commercialization and distribution is not permitted only at 100% pure alpaca product
Peru is a country of origin, currently in Chile and Argentina is the main habitat.
Inhabit from sea level up to 4000m of highland.
Body length 1.1-1.2m., a little bit greater than Alpaca.
It is originally adaptability is strong animal .
It used to be a food of Indio living in South America Argentina and Chile until the early 20th century.
Since ancient times the fur had been used as a clothes. Small Guanaco are called Chulengo .
Highly evaluated the hair and the skin.
And led to a reduction of rapid population lead to overfishing. Therefore, at present the CITES limited the trade.
Now already reduced up to 40-50 million head.
This is the high scarcity materials.
Yak, belong to the ungulates, unique species.
Breeding locations are high altitude 4000m class Himalayas, such as Tibet, Pamir, Central Asia, Mongolia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Altai Mountains.
Hair is very thick, during the winter faintly grow a large amount of undercoat (duvet) .
year-old hair is especially rich and prime (length 4 ~ 5cm, 15-17 microns).
Adult hair is 18 ~19 micron. length 3 ~ 3.5cm.
In the local usually use to knit blankets and mat or make large bag.
Adult yak, grow the hair 0.75kg ~ 1kg per year.
From the undercoat after trim and remove the surface , be able to obtain very good quality hair just like cashmere.
Type of silk is divided into roughly two types. "domesticated indoor silk", "wild natural silk".
<Domesticated indoor silk>
silk that was taken from the cocoon of silkworm that breeding by giving the mulberry leaves indoors.
<Wild natural silk>
Breed in forest , cocoon rating a wild plants such as oak and growth.
Although small production volume compared to the domesticated indoor silk, It has wider variety of items.
Among the natural fibers, Silk is the only long (filament yarn.
It has been prized for long time, because there is a supple and beautiful luster.
In recent years, focused on smooth feel and moisturizing, whitening component using for skincare cosmetics.